So far we have considered ratings and questionnaires as tools for measuring personality. They should always be alert about the various factors in the environment, their own behaviour which can influence young people and see to it that the proper environment is provided. Over the years, psychologists have developed a number of questionnaires which have been thoroughly tested for their reliability and validity. Drive and determination will help you keep going no matter what. The person is required to complete the sentence as he or she feels. Projective tests have been found to be extremely useful, especially in clinical situations and even in situations of personnel selection. This is called reliability. Cult of Personality - essay example for free Newyorkessays - database with more than 65000 college essays for studying 】 ... (“Cult of Personality”). Conflicting and contradictory models should be avoided to prevent the possibilities of personality disorders. to. The emphasis in explaining behaviour is on the current psychological situations and not on the past history, as advocated by the psychoanalysis and behaviourism. or the form or outline. From the responses or ratings inference is made about the personality. Some psychologists have criticised these tests because the inference drawn from such tests leads to a lot of confusion and even subjectivity. The TAT has inspired many others to develop similar tests. The aim of this essay is to define the concept of personality, give its theoretical explanation and analyze factors influencing the process of the personality development. In many situations, questionnaires, observations and projective tests are all employed. From such revelations the trained psychologist is able to draw inferences about the personality. The following borderline personality disorder essay sample is presented only for viewing. The development of personality testing has made it possible to assess various aspects of personality. (f) The personality of another person can be understood only if we can look at the world through the other person’s eyes. According to Mischel, such learnt person variables account for individual variations in the way people handle new situations. Cult of Personality Throughout time, some leaders managed to create an aura around themselves which has made them more respected and loved by … How to get good at essay writing why i love baking essay Personality examples theories essay should we lower the drinking age to 18 essay, sample essay on heart disease fast food and health essay. Just as in physics and chemistry we look for atoms and molecules, and for different types of cells in biology, similarly, in the study of personality this question becomes relevant. Some people would not like to receive credit or win easily without working hard. It is very useful when time is limited and a large number of people have to be assessed or when the personality score is only one of the many criteria to be taken into account. Projective tests assume that the inner aspect of personality, particularly the unconscious components, can be measured by requiring the individual to act upon, interpret, organise or manipulate certain unstructured stimulus situations. They do not postulate any basic units or factors of personality. Specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page. It was found by the army that several soldiers developed anxiety and other forms of psychological problems which incapacitated them from taking part in the fighting. Extending Bandura’s concepts Mischel has come out with the view that in addition to the situational factors emphasised by Bandura, there are also certain factors or variables, which are of importance. Damages to personality are often cured by proper treatment. Short Essay on Personality! The concept of ‘self develops gradually and the most crucial thing for the development of a healthy personality is the degree of “congruence” or agreement between an individual’s ‘self-concept’ and ‘self-triggered’ expectation on one hand, and the actual experience of the person on the other. In a way, they explain personality as a ‘sum total’ of habits. On the other hand, one may take a view, that even the emphasis laid by Freud and Jung on psychic reality as opposed to actual reality may be regarded as phenomenological. Disclaimer Copyright, Psychology Discussion - Discuss Anything About Psychology, Types of Personality Tests | Essay | Tests | Psychology, Development of Personality: 3 Factors | Human Behaviour | Psychology, Essay on Human Behaviour: Top 5 Essays | Psychology, 5 Major Consequences of Using Intelligence Tests | Tests | Psychology, Leadership Theories: Top 11 Theories of Leadership, Theories of Motivation in Management: Top 7 Theories, Notes on Attitude: Introduction, Formation, Changes and Measurement | Psychology, Notes on Socialization: Introduction, Culture, Structure, Status and Conflict | Psychology, Difference between Modern Family and Traditional Family | Psychology. Personality has a structural and a functional component. The problem is relatively easy in the case of intelligence tests and also aptitude tests. Some of these were meant to be used in special situations like hospitals for instance, while others were meant for general use. The person who takes the test is asked to look at each blot and mention all the objects one sees in them. Personal Essay. Thus, what was at one time considered to be mysterious and impossible to measure has now been shown to be measurable with a reasonable degree of accuracy. I am a person with strong morals who desires to do the right thing to the entire humanity. Another common technique of measuring personality is through questionnaires and inventories. Rosenzweig was interested in studying differences in people’s reactions to frustration and measuring the same. One well known example of personality types is Type A theory. Here, the term is used to describe the nature of his own response with no reference to his effect on the describer. We may, therefore, say that even though we may study individual processes like perception, learning, etc. Therefore, in recent years, perceptual activities, learning activities, etc. Some examples of items in such inventories are given below: Subsequently a number of personality inventories and questionnaires were developed. |displacement. TOS4. . Further, these psychologists argue that personality is not something which is underlying; it is involved in every type of behaviour. After his girlfriend rejects his sexual advances, Elsworth goes to the park and plays the best game of basketball he’s ever played. There are certain factors common to these. You will be required to analyze the individual's personality as well as demonstrate knowledge of the theory of how personalities are formed. We will write a custom essay sample on. Essay on teacher for grade 1, multiple sclerosis case study presentation. For example, one may see a bird, a tiger skin, and two men dancing in a single ink blot. In all these contexts, it may be seen that this term is used to describe the behaviour of a person in general terms. Similarly, needs and presses (environmental agencies) interact to produce ‘theme’. This is a very complicated task. Abnormalities result when the development of ‘self-regard’ is not proper or when there is a serious incongruence between one’s own self-perception and evaluation of one’s behaviour and evaluation by others or others perception. Thus, when we define a person as rigid, reserved and so on, it is obvious that we are thinking of these basic features as adjectives which describe the person. Kurt Lewin’s View on Personality: Essay # 9. It may be seen that in all these instances the term personality is used as a descriptive or evaluative term. Judging (J) 55% Perceiving (P) 27%. But, it may be said, that in spite of various limitations and disagreements the growth of personality tests has contributed a great deal to our understanding of the nature of personality itself. The analysis would try to understand the withdrawal behaviour, the reward this leads to (avoidance of adverse conditions) and what are the functional behavioural patterns he is lacking to confront this aversive situations. Another possible error is when, in an analytic rating procedure, a rater carries over his rating from one trait to another. The Role … Yet have advantages and disadvantages to their characters. A person with a stable personality generally responds in a calm and quiet manner even under stressful situations, in contrast to a person with an unstable personality. According to them, any attempt to explain the nature of human personality must be made in the context of the social and cultural factors under which an individual lives, and it may not be very correct to talk of universal traits, qualities or elements apart from basic physiological needs and abilities. According to this view the term ‘personality’ is nothing but the totality of all the learnt behavioural patterns in an individual. Essay Sample: My name is Grace Dee. The structure of has a certain personality of conjugation with structure of …, The Big Five Personality Traits of Professional Comedians Compared to Amateur Comedians, Comedy writers, and College Students Rationale There have been not much studies about professional comedians as a separate group of performing artists. Today, most of the psychologists agree that a personality of the individual is not just a description of different qualities or characteristics. 4. However, the dynamic view has come to find more acceptance than the static view. They want to do what they have done and they have achieved in their life. Need for the Concept of Personality: In actual life, individual behavioural processes like learning, … In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page. I am industrious, humble, loyal, intelligent and hot tempered. Some other people refer to intellectual qualities like intelligence, activeness, way of speech, thinking and reasoning abilities, etc. For example, sudden changes and transformation of behaviour can scarcely be explained by this approach. As new needs and motivations arise and also as experiences accumulate, the differentiation goes on. For the purposes of this personality, positive affect is defined as experiences of happy and enjoyable emotions. For this purpose, tests are designed in such a way that defence mechanisms are operative at a minimal level. do not occur independently and individually. The psychodynamic approach would postulate that the child has developed a tendency to withdraw as a disposition. The rationale of projective tests is that, in order to study the unconscious and underlying factors of personality, such tests should be used which are likely to give us data free from the distortions which creep in at the conscious level. After the original work of Rorschach, a number of refinements have been introduced by people like Beck, Rapaport, Harrower, Erichson and a few others. In Type A personality, people belonging to such category are hard driving, ambitious, highly competitive, achievement oriented, and striving. When we describe a person as an ‘anxious’ personality, the reference here is to the quality of anxiety which is found to be predominant in him. All of us must have come across the term personality. Positive Traits (234 = 37%) Accessible; Active; Adaptable; Admirable; Adventurous; Agreeable; Alert; Allocentric; Amiable; Anticipative The responses of the subject are noted. Even though I established the behavioral theory as my preferred method; I discovered the type of my personality falls under the humanist theory. For example, let us take the case of a child who shows withdrawal behaviour. You can approach it the scientific way, by testing yourself and having a psychologist analysis you. Essay on Me Myself and Personality Traits 661 Words3 Pages Me Myself and Personality Traits When asked to describe myself I never know what to say, but I should know myself the best, right? It could be traced to the views of Kant, Husserel, Brentano, Carl Stumpf and Ehrenfer on the one hand.
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