The wolf depends on wild species, and if these are not readily available, as in Asia, the wolf is more reliant on domestic species.  Parasitic infection in wolves is of particular concern to people. The case of Kaftarkhoun (Kashan- Iran)", "Striped Hyaenas (Hyaena hyaena) in Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) packs: Cooperation, commensalism or singular aberration? The victims are chosen at random, though most cases involve adult men. The historical use of shepherd dogs across Eurasia has been effective against wolf predation, especially when confining sheep in the presence of several livestock guardian dogs.  Shepherd dogs are sometimes killed by wolves. Incidents of rabies in wolves are very rare in North America, though numerous in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East and Central Asia. Canis is a genus containing seven to 10 extant species, including the domestic dog, wolves, coyotes, and jackals, and many extinct species. This canid is genetically close to the dhole and evolved after the divergence of the African hunting dog from the other canid species.  The average pack size in North America is eight wolves and in Europe 5.5 wolves.  In warm climates, the fur is coarser and scarcer than in northern wolves. Smaller-sized animals that may supplement their diet include rodents, hares, insectivores and smaller carnivores. Wolves do not bark as loudly or continuously as dogs do in confrontations, rather barking a few times and then retreating from a perceived danger.  Aggressive or self-assertive wolves are characterized by their slow and deliberate movements, high body posture and raised hackles, while submissive ones carry their bodies low, flatten their fur, and lower their ears and tail. , In Israel, Central Asia and India wolves may encounter striped hyenas, usually in disputes over carcasses. There are no records of coyotes killing wolves, though coyotes may chase wolves if they outnumber them. Isengrim is forever the victim of Reynard's wit and cruelty, often dying at the end of each story. Canis lupus Name Synonyms Aenocyon milleri (Merriam, 1912) Canis furlongi Hay, 1927 Canis lycaon Schreber, 1775 Canis milleri (Merriam, 1912) Canis nubilus Say, 1823 Canis occidentalis Merriam, 1912 Canis pambasileus Elliot, 1905 Canis petrolei Stock, 1938 Canis tundrarum Miller, 1912 Canis variabilis Wied-Neuwied, 1841 They continued to survive in parts of Finland, Southern Europe, and Eastern Europe. He associates the Mongolian nomads with wolves and compares the Han Chinese of the present day to sheep, claiming they accept any leadership. Ticks of the genus Ixodes can infect wolves with Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Wolves apparently develop the "furious" phase of rabies to a very high degree. Canis lupus was recorded by Carl Linnaeus in his publication Systema Naturae in 1758. , Isengrim the wolf, a character first appearing in the 12th-century Latin poem Ysengrimus, is a major character in the Reynard Cycle, where he stands for the low nobility, whilst his adversary, Reynard the fox, represents the peasant hero. The hairs on the cheeks are elongated and form tufts. This is in contrast to young coyotes and foxes, which may begin fighting even before the onset of play behaviour. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! The Big Bad Wolf is portrayed as a villain capable of imitating human speech and disguising itself with human clothing. It is illustrated as a supporter on the shields of Lord Welby, Rendel, and Viscount Wolseley, and can be found on the coat of arms of Lovett and the vast majority of the Wilsons and Lows. This has fostered recolonization and reintroduction in parts of its former range as a result of legal protection, changes in land use, and rural human population shifts to cities. Actual fights to establish hierarchy usually occur at five to eight weeks of age. An Canis lupus in uska species han Mammalia nga ginhulagway ni Linnaeus hadton 1758. The Ancient Greeks associated wolves with Apollo, the god of light and order. In Asia and Europe, their diet is dominated by wild medium-sized hoofed mammals and domestic species. Canis lupus familiaris Linnaeus, 1758 – domestic dog.  Wolf packs are typically settled, and usually leave their accustomed ranges only during severe food shortages. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. D. renale causes the complete destruction of the kidney's functional tissue and can be fatal if both kidneys are infected. Most large prey have developed defensive adaptations and behaviours. , Livestock depredation has been one of the primary reasons for hunting wolves and can pose a severe problem for wolf conservation.  Wolf interactions with American black bears are much rarer because of differences in habitat preferences. Attacks also occur on the fleshy nose, the back and sides of the neck, the ears, and the perineum. , The wolf is a common motif in the mythologies and cosmologies of peoples throughout its historical range. These follow the banks of rivers, the shorelines of lakes, through ravines overgrown with shrubs, through plantations, or roads and human paths. Long, black tips on the hairs along the back form a broad stripe, with black hair tips on the shoulders, upper chest and rear of the body. The victims are repeatedly bitten on the head and face, and are then dragged off and consumed unless the wolves are driven off.  The wolf's head is large and heavy, with a wide forehead, strong jaws and a long, blunt muzzle. Subspecies Canis lupus familiaris-Canis is the Latin word for dog.