The Geography of Puerto Rico Total Size: 13,790 square km Learn puerto rico geography with free interactive flashcards. The Insular Cases: History and Significance, Biography of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, African History Expert, The Capital of Puerto Rico Celebrates Its Long and Vibrant History. Apply to Retail Sales Associate, Program Manager, Project Director and more! km (3,515 sq mi). The main island of Puerto Ricois the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. • Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean and east of the Dominican Republic. The karst region extends west from Aquadilla to the east of San Juan in Loiza. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. The mountainous interior is formed by the Cordillera Central Range and this is formed by a central mountain chain ranging from Mayaguez to Aibonito. All rights reserved. It has a total area of 9,104 sq. The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) … Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States but if it … The Porta Caribe Region of Puerto Rico has much to offer tourists, including delightful attractions, top destinations and abundant activities. Puerto Rico has fertile soil, a subtropical climate, and sandy beaches. While most Puerto Ricans speak some English, only about a quarter of the population is fully bilingual. The federal government is expected to spend about three billion dollars annually in the state toward benefits not currently received by the Commonwealth. The third most populous urban centre of the island, after San Juan and Bayamón, the city is situated 3 miles (5 km) north of its port, Playa de Ponce. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States but if it became a state, Puerto Rico's land area of 3,435 square miles (8,897 km2) would make it the 49th largest state (larger than Delaware and Rhode Island). Geography of Puerto Rico Geology. San Juan, Puerto Rico's capital, is located on the north side of the island. Here you will find a unique, untouched environment housing creatures found nowhere else in the world. Congress granted the people of Puerto Rico United States citizenship in 1917. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since a law was passed in 1917. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). The Antilles are divided into two regions—Greater Antilles and Lesser Antilles. The beautiful coastal area extends for approximately thirteen to nineteen kilometers in the north and for three to thirteen kilometers to the south. Vieques lies about 7 miles (11.3 km) east of the main island and is approximately … The territory consists of the main island, and a series of … In 1948 the U.S. government began Operation Bootstrap which infused millions of dollars into the Puerto Rican economy and made it one of the wealthiest. Droughts and hurricanes are the major natural hazards. Various smaller islands and cays, including Vieques, Culebra, Mona, Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. Visitors to Laguna Grande never fail to be amazed at the unique after-dark spectacle provided by this tropical bioluminescent lagoon as the water - or more specifically, the millions of dinoflagellates in the water - light up and glow in response to the slightest disturbance. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. United States firms that are located in Puerto Rico receive tax incentives to encourage investments. To the north and east is the Atlantic Ocean. In 1493, Christopher Columbus discovered the island and claimed it for Spain. "After spending the night at a coffee plantation nearby, we decided to try reaching the top of Cerro Punta, tallest peak on the island." Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook. We are using cookies to make the website better. It is located in the Caribbean Sea. What Is Birthright Citizenship in the United States? Several small offshore islands are part of Puerto Rico, but only two are inhabited year-round: Vieques and Culebra. Puerto Rico, which means "rich port" in Spanish, wasn't settled until 1508 when Ponce de Leon founded a town near present-day San Juan. The U.S. is the major trading partner, 86% of exports are sent to the U.S. and 69% of imports come from the fifty states. Interestingly, in 2005 it was estimated that 90.72% of the land was not being used while only 5.59% was being used permanently for crops and 3.69% is arable land. In November 2012, Puerto Ricans voted not to maintain the status quo and to pursue statehood through the U.S. Congress. The main island of Puerto Rico is about 110 miles (177 km) long (west to east) and 35 miles (56.3 km) wide (north to south), and covers 3,515 square miles (9,104 square km) — slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. Because of this the island has been placed under the management of the Puerto Rican Natural Resources and the United States as a National Park Service. Which Are the Smallest States in the U.S.? Puerto Rico is not a state, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) In 1508, Juan Ponce de León f… Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. Puerto Rico is a rectangular island, situated roughly in the middle of the Antilles, a chain of islands that stretches from Florida to Venezuela and forms the dividing line between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Puerto Rico's climate is humid in many places, and some areas experience powerful storms daily. Larger Than Delaware and Rhode Island. This site is supported by ads. If independence were chosen by the citizens of Puerto Rico in the future, then the United States will assist the new country through a decade-long transition period. The Puerto Rican coastline measures about five hundred and eighty kilometers. The coasts of tropical Puerto Rico are flat but most of the interior is mountainous. Puerto Rico is the easternmost island of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, approximately a thousand miles southeast of Florida and just east of the Dominican Republic and west of the U.S. Virgin Islands. Unrestricted U.S. migration of Puerto Ricans has made New York City the one place with the most Puerto Ricans anywhere in the world (over one million). About eight percent of the land is arable for agriculture.
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